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Giripremi's Kanchenjunga Eco Project 2019

Dear Adventure Lovers

After six consecutive ascents of 8000 meter high mountains of the world including Mt. Everest (The Highest mountain of the world), Mt. Lhotse (4th Highest mountain of the world), Mt. Makalu (5th Highest), Mt. Cho Oyu (6th Highest), Mt. Dhaulagiri (7th Highest) and Mt. Manaslu (8th Highest). Continuing this Quest of Eight Thousandars, we have planned next ambitious expedition to the highest and crown mountain of India, Mt. Kangchenjunga (8586 metres), the 3rd highest mountain of the world. This expedition is scheduled during April-May 2019. Our mission is to attempt all the FOURTEEN highest mountains in the world one by oneand take the Mountaineering in India to a global level.

Kangchenjunga also spelled Kanchenjunga, in Nepali Kumbhkaran Lungur. Some Sanskrit scholars claimed that it is derived from Kanchan Jangha (golden thigh), where as rich old Tibetan history translates the name as Kang-chen-dzo-nga or Yang-chhen-dzö-nga meaning ‘The Five Treasures of the Great Snow’. Kangchenjunga top is a group of 5 peaks, four of them are over 8450 meters. It is situated in the eastern Himalayas on the border between Sikkim state, India and eastern Nepal. The geographical location of the peak is 27°42′09″ north latitude and 88°08′48″ east longitude.

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The mountain is part of the Great Himalaya Range. The Great Himalayas, ranging from 50 to 75 km (30 to 45 miles) wide, include some of the world’s highest peaks. The highest in the range, Mount Everest is on the China-Nepal border, but India also has many lofty peaks. Notable among those is Kanchenjunga on the border of Nepal and the state of Sikkim, which is the world’s third tallest peak and India’s highest point. The Kanchenjunga massif is in the form of a gigantic cross, the arms of which extend north, south, east, and west. Kanchenjunga is composed of rocks of Neoproterozoic (late Precambrian) to Ordovician age (i.e., about 445 million to 1 billion years old). It is mainly formed of the central crystallines (granites and gneisses) overlain by metamorphosed sediments.

A unique ‘Mt. Kangchenjunga Eco expedition 2019’ will be under the theme of ‘Clean Mountain, Clean Glacier’. Our focus will be on climbing in an eco-sensitive manner, as well as is to raise awareness about our Mother Nature and to test new methods along with the climbing that are more environmentally sound. This expedition is going to be very unique and one of its kind in India. Along with climbing the highest mountain in India, Giripremi has decided to focus of the ‘Eco’ aspect of the region.

Under this Eco project, we will be undertaking following objectives :

1) To document the existing status of local flora, fauna, soil , Geo-morphology of Kangchenjunga National Park region during the expedition period and to check the impact of human beings on overall ecology and biodiversity of the national park. 2) To geotag all important Geo-morphological, geological, ecological and geoheritage sites along the transect with an aim to photograph or sample and document these strictly for geoscientific investigations and conservation. 3) To prepare geomorphic, geoenvironmental and geological maps and also perform glacier and glacier pollution field mapping of Kangchenjunga National Park region. 4) To assess land use / land cover pattern and transformation of the glaciers of national park area using LISS IV sensor 5.8 meter high spatial resolution satellite imageries of years 2009 and 2019. Also to predict the future projection using Markov-cellular automata model. 5) To analysis the hydrochemical characteristics of surface water such as pH, Total Dissolved salts, Electrical Conductivity (μS/cm), Total Hardness (CaCO3), Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, Iron, Bicarbonate, Chloride, Sulphate, Nitrate and Fluoride (all are in mg/l) and compare with standard values recommended by BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) and WHO (World Health Organization). 6) Team members will try to use alternative energy solutions during the expedition like Restop Solid and Liquid Waste Bag, Clean mountain cans, the SteriPENs for water purification, Solar energies for lighting as well as for communication and also encourage other expedition teams to use them. 7) The expedition members will bring down old garbage from the mountain, as well as all of the garbage they generate during the expedition. All human waste produced by the expedition team will also be brought down to base camp for disposal.

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Mountaineering is an extreme sport. It's play grounds are far from the civilization. It demands high quality equipment for safety and survival. It's probably the sport which has longest time frame. Generally, an expedition continues for several days and sometime months. All these factors impose a burden off high costs on this sport.

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